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2019年美国研究生申请简历指南 掌握这三大部分连招生官都没法拒绝!

2018年01月16日19:49 来源:小站整理
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摘要:本文将带来2019年美国研究生申请简历指南,包括美国风的简历书写方式、不同专业简历制作方法、充分利用好中国学生身份这三大部分,准备英文简历的小伙伴都可以参考哦。最强中英文对照简历指南赶快收藏吧!

2019年的美国研究生申请就要开始了,那么准备一份杰出的简历对于还没有见到你的考试官来说也许最初的印象就来自此,可见其重要性,那么要怎么准备呢?跟着小编来了解一下2019年美国研究生申请简历吧,欢迎阅读。

2019年美国研究生申请简历指南 掌握这三大部分连招生官都没法拒绝!图1

第一部分:申请美国的研究生院的美国风格的简历书写方式Apply to U.S. Graduate Schools With an American-Style Resume

International graduate applicants should format resumes properly and include U.S. work experience.Looking to launch a second career? Follow these tips to revitalize your résumé.Applying for graduate school in the U.S. is a comprehensive task. As part of the application, most U.S. grad schools require candidates to submit a resume to help them get to know a candidate better.If we compared the graduate school application process to a person, a resume would be a person's face. It's how the admissions office gets its first impression of a candidate.Schools want to know a candidate's basic information, including educational background, academic performance, experience and other skills. A good resume will answer all those questions in a clear and straightforward way. Here are a few tips on how to make your resume attractive in the competitive application process.

国际研究生申请者应该正确地格式简历,并包括美国的工作经验。想要开始第二职业吗?按照下面的建议来修改你的简历吧。申请美国的研究生院是一项综合性的任务。作为申请的一部分,大多数美国研究生院都要求应聘者提交一份简历,以帮助他们更好地了解候选人。如果我们把研究生入学申请过程比作一个人,那么简历就是一个人的脸。这是招生办公室对候选人的第一印象。学校希望了解考生的基本信息,包括教育背景、学习成绩、经验和其他技能。一份好的简历会以一种明确而直接的方式回答所有这些问题。以下是一些如何让你的简历在求职过程中有吸引力的建议。

First, sell any U.S. work or internship experience. Experience counts in graduate school applications. Some programs may say that no experience is required to apply, but the reality is that having work or internship experience will give you an edge.It's great if you have internships or work experience from your home country. But if you have finished your bachelor's program and have lived in the U.S. for four years already, admissions officers will want to know what you're doing now.Tell your dream school what you have learned outside of the classroom in the U.S. In my journalism grad school applications, I included my experience interning for a U.S. media outlet on my resume.   首先,展示出任何你在美国的工作或实习经历。研究生入学申请的经验。一些课程可能会说,没有经验也是可以申请该课程的,但现实是,有工作或实习经历会给你带来优势。如果你有来自本国的实习或工作经验,那就太好了。但是如果你已经完成了你的学士学位课程,并且已经在美国生活了四年,招生官会想知道你现在在做什么。告诉你的梦想学校你在美国的课堂之外学到的东西,在我的新闻研究生入学申请中,我在简历中加入了一个美国媒体的实习经历。

Second, your GPA matters. This is another important item to include on your grad school resume. Good academic performance can tell admissions officers that you have the potential to do well in your field and that you take your studies seriously.Your GPA doesn't just measure your grades, but can also suggest whether you are capable of continuing your studies at a higher level.International students might be amazed by the colorful American college life that includes parties and all kinds of organizations and activities. It's not wrong to enjoy college life, but keep in mind that studying is a student's most important task.

第二,你的绩点很重要。这是你的研究生简历中的另一个重要的条目。良好的学习成绩可以告诉招生人员,你有潜力在你的领域表现出色,并且认真对待你的学业。你的GPA不仅仅是衡量你的成绩,还可以表明你是否有能力在更高的水平上继续学业。国际学生可能会惊讶于美国丰富多彩的大学生活,包括各种各样的团体和各种各样的组织和活动。享受大学生活不是错误的,但要记住学习是学生最重要的任务。

Third, include your extracurricular activities. Once in the U.S., some international students keep their old habits and routines: taking classes, going to the library, eating in the dining hall and returning to a dorm. This routine isn't uncommon for students in many countries, where education systems were designed to solely address students' academic performance.In some countries, students are trained to spend the majority of their time each day studying. Many students who come to the U.S. from those places find it hard to transition to an environment where students are taught that studying is not their one and only task.You have to show your dream school that you are more than a studying machine. Demonstrate the leadership capabilities and communication skills that you developed and improved through participation in extracurricular activities.

第三,你的简历中要体现出你的课外活动。一旦在美国一些国际学生保持着他们原有的习惯和习惯:上课,去图书馆,在食堂吃饭,然后回到宿舍。对于许多国家的学生来说,这种做法并不罕见。在许多国家,教育系统的设计仅仅是为了满足学生的学习成绩。在一些国家,学生每天大部分时间都在学习。许多从这些地方来美国的学生发现很难适应这样的环境:学习不是他们唯一的任务。你必须向你的梦想学校展示你不仅仅是一个学习机器。通过参加课外活动,展示你的领导能力和沟通能力。

Last but not least, format your resume in an American way. A good resume must be clear and well-organized.Put your name, address and contact information at the very top, followed by your education background, work experience, activities and skills. A good rule of thumb is to keep your resume on one page.You should know what an American audience expects. For example, while it might be very common to put a professional photograph of yourself on your resume in China, that's rarely done in the U.S.In essence, a good resume tells people what you have achieved and experienced. But the best way to make it attractive is to take action ahead of time so that you have those achievements and experiences to share.

最后但并非最不重要的是,以美国的方式将你的简历格式化。好的简历必须清晰、条理清晰。把你的名字,地址和联系方式放在最上面,然后是你的教育背景,工作经验,活动和技能。一个好的经验法则是把你的简历放在一个页面上。你应该知道美国观众的期望。例如,在中国,把自己的专业照片放在简历上是很常见的,但在美国却很少这样做从本质上说,一份好的简历可以告诉人们你的成就和经历。但是让它有吸引力的最好方法是提前采取行动,这样你就有了这些成就和经验来分享。

第二部分:不同的专业简历制作方法

制作一份适合你的领域量身定制的简历

Job growth cooled to its lowest level since May, according to ADP Research Institute's National Employment Report.Different jobs call for different skills, and the résumé requirements for those positions demand no less variety. Crafting a résumé that's tailored to the job you're applying for will help it stand out among the dozens of applications on a hiring manager's desk. August Cohen, certified résumé writer and owner of the executive résumé writing and coaching service GetHiredStayHired, lends her expertise on how to do just that.

根据ADP研究所的全国就业报告,就业增长降至5月以来的最低水平。不同的工作需要不同的技能,而这些职位的简历要求也不低。制作一份适合你申请的工作的简历会让你在招聘经理的办公桌上脱颖而出。8月科恩,被认证的简历写手和主管简历写作和辅导服务的老板GetHiredStayHired,提供了她的专业知识,根据这些建议,你也许写出一份合适你的简历。

First, there are some elements every résumé should have regardless of its intended recipient. Chief among those is a section that outlines achievements. "One of the biggest challenges job seekers have is that they write a résumé that's like a job description, and what they really need to focus on is achievements and not just the duties and responsibilities," Cohen says.Other basics include organizing sections to emphasize what's most important and incorporating strategic keywords. Separating the document into various sections with keywords spread throughout, and placing critical sections toward the top will help ensure anyone looking it over will see that information first. Cohen also points out that sections make the document more readable and, with proper use of bullets and white space, will help catch a hiring manager's eye.Here are some other ways to customize your résumé to the field you want to enter.   首先,无论你的简历的最终看的人是谁,每个简历都应该有一些元素。其中最主要的是一个概述成就的章节。科恩说:“求职者面临的最大挑战之一是,他们写的简历就像是工作描述,而面试官真正需要关注的是成绩,而不仅仅是职责和责任。”其他基本内容包括组织部分,以强调容和战略性关键字。把文档分成不同的部分,并将关键字贯穿始终,并将关键的部分放在顶部,都能首先看到这这样可以确保每个人些信息。科恩还指出,这些章节使文件更具可读性,并且适当地使用子弹和空白空间,将有助于吸引招聘经理的眼球。这里有一些其他的方法来定制你的简历最重要的内到你想进入的领域。

Résumés for business jobs. In general, business résumés should follow a traditional, conservative structure. However, slight differences for specific jobs are necessary. Sales and marketing résumés, for example, should place a strong emphasis on numbers. You can also use bolder language that reflects the skills needed for the position. "You can brag in a sales résumé," Cohen says. "Salespeople are expected to be very confident and comfortable with promoting their company and … promoting themselves."Unlike sales, marketing positions require you to show how well you understand the company brand, and demonstrate your ability to convey that brand to the customer. It's also important to demonstrate your ability to develop data for market research.   金融类专业的简历。一般来说,金融类简历应该遵循传统的、保守的结构。然而,对具体工作的细微差别是必要的。例如,销售和市场营销应该把重点放在数字上。你也可以使用更大胆的语言来反映这个职位所需要的技能。科恩说:“你可以在销售简历中炫耀。”“销售人员预计将非常自信,促进公司和促进自己更好。与销售专业不同,营销专业要求你展示你对公司品牌的了解程度,并展示你将品牌传达给客户的能力。同样重要的是要证明你有能力为市场研究开发数据。

Résumés for executive business positions should focus more on leadership than the practical skills of the business world and should highlight specific achievements. Lastly, Cohen suggests moving information about your education to the bottom of your résumé and spotlighting your work experience and achievements over the last eight to 12 years at the top.

行政管理专业的简历。应该更多地侧重于领导能力,而不是商业世界的实际技能,应该突出特定的成就。最后,科恩建议将你的教育信息转移到简历的底部,突出你在过去8至12年的工作经验和成就。

Résumés for technology jobs. Unlike the numerical focus of business résumés, the résumé of someone who works in technology should demonstrate proficiency with a variety of programs that pertain to the job. "For technical résumés, the section of technologies could be pretty long so, again, we want it to be palatable to the reader so you can break it down into categories," Cohen says. "Instead of having 30 or 40 technologies listed, break it down by software, or hardware, or languages, or applications, or networks or however you want to do it that makes sense for your particular industry." If the technology section is still too long, consider adding an addendum that demonstrates the full range of technologies you're competent using.Much like executive business résumés, the résumés for higher-level IT positions need different elements than those for lower-level professionals. "For the [chief information officer], and [chief technology officer] and higher-level technical résumés, they would be more strategic," Cohen says. "There wouldn't be as much focus on technology because they would be leading people that were actually hands-on in the technology."Résumés for creative jobs. These résumés should be focused on projects, and Cohen advises including achievements in projects. Key design and creative elements from each assignment may also be incorporated to highlight project achievements.

技术专业的简历。与商业简历的数字焦点不同的是,从事技术工作的人的简历应该显示出精通各种与工作相关的项目。科恩说:“对于技术简历来说,技术部分可能会很长,所以我们希望它能让读者接受,这样你就可以把它分成不同的类别。”“与其拥有30或40种技术,不如用软件、硬件、语言、应用程序或网络来分解,或者你想做的事情对你的特定行业有意义。”如果技术部分仍然太长,可以考虑添加一个附录,说明你可以使用的全部技术。就像行政业务简历一样,高级IT职位的简历需要不同的元素,而不是底层专业人员的简历。科恩表示:“对于(首席信息官)和(首席技术官)和高水平的技术简历,它们将更具战略意义。”“他们不会像现在这样专注于技术,因为他们会领导那些实际动手操作技术的人。”“创造性的工作简历。这些简历应该集中在项目上,Cohen建议在项目中包括业绩。每个任务的关键设计和创意元素也可以被整合到突出项目成果中。

Résumés for creative positions are expected to showcase the applicant's abilities. The use of color as well as a personal logo or other design elements can demonstrate your aptitude for a creative position.However, the creative elements need to be strategic. "You want the audience to remember the brand," Cohen says, "and you want to leverage the design and creativity in doing that." Although creative résumés have more room for imagination than others, that same creativity can cause problems with online applications. If there is too much design or the wording is too lengthy, job application software could prevent the résumé from making it through the system. To combat this, Cohen recommends adding either a link to an online portfolio or an addendum to inform the reader that more examples of your work are available.Regardless of the industry you are applying to, Cohen says it's important to have a solid strategy along with a strong résumé. And the best strategy is to network. "Applying for jobs is a very ineffective way to try to find a job," she says. "The minority of positions are secured though an online application, either through a job portal or a company website. Networking is the No. 1 way that job seekers find a new position."Cohen also emphasizes that résumés are "living documents" that need to shift and mold to each new employment opportunity. Given the competition prevalent in today's job market, keeping your résumé flexible and ready to evolve with each new application is a key strategy when searching for a job.

创造性职位的简历。将会展示申请人的能力。使用颜色以及个人标志或其他设计元素可以证明你有创造性的能力。然而,创意元素必须是战略性的。“你想让观众记住这个品牌,”科恩说,“你想利用设计和创意来实现这一点。”尽管有创意的简历比其他简历更有想象力,但同样的创意也会给在线申请带来麻烦。如果设计太多或者措辞太过冗长,作业应用软件可以阻止简历通过系统。为了解决这一问题,科恩建议增加一个在线投资组合的链接,或者增加一个附录,告诉读者你的工作中的一些杰出的成果。不管你申请的是哪个行业,科恩说,有一个坚实的战略和一份强有力的简历是很重要的。最好的策略是网络。她说:“求职是一种非常无效的求职方式。”少数职位是通过求职网站或公司网站获得的。人际交往是求职者找到新职位的首要途径。科恩还强调,简历是“生活文件”,需要转换和塑造每个新的就业机会。考虑到当今就业市场中普遍存在的竞争,保持你的简历灵活并准备好与每一个新申请一起发展是求职时的一个关键策略。

第三部分:充分的利用好你的中国学生的身份

Talk about your home country and culture when applying to grad school as an international student.Emphasizing cultural differences is a natural way prospective international graduate students can craft unique applications.Every college-age individual wants to believe that he or she is special and has something unique to offer the world. The good news is that being from somewhere other than the U.S. automatically provides you with some key talking points for your postsecondary application essays.You have something that really sets you apart, and I'm not just talking about the ocean or the plane ride.

作为一名国际学生在申请研究生院时,你可以谈谈你的祖国和文化。强调文化差异是一种自然的方式,潜在的国际研究生可以制作独特的申请简历。每个大学时代的人都想要相信自己是特别的,并且有独特的东西可以提供给世界。好消息是,来自美国以外的其他地方会自动为你提供一些重要的演讲要点,这样你就有一些让你与众不同的东西,例如在我申请的时候我不只是在谈论海洋或飞机。

Schools are interested in influence, primarily the kind of influence their alumni will have on the global village. A student's experience will shape his or her influence on the world – where you come from has a big impact on where you go.In applying to graduate school in the U.S., I talked about my home country's multicultural perspective. We like to call Canada a mosaic, a piece of art, a coast-to-coast picture made up of a variety of smaller shades and shapes.As a prospective international student, I talked about how the experience of growing up in Canada shaped me. The Canadian national attitude of inclusion and participation in service has greatly influenced the way in which I view people and interact with them.Using your status as an international student is an interesting hook for applications, and begins with the influence of country, culture and courage.

学校对他们的校友对地球村的影响是十分感兴趣的, 所以你可以用国际根源为美国研究生入学申请。一个学生的经历会影响他或她对世界的影响——你来自哪里,对你的去向有很大的影响。申请美国研究生院我谈到了我的祖国多元文化的观点。我们喜欢把加拿大称为马赛克,一种艺术,一种由各种各样的小阴影和形状组成的海岸到海岸的图片。作为一名未来的国际学生,我谈到了在加拿大长大的经历对我的影响。加拿大人对服务的包容和参与态度,极大地影响了我看待人们和与他们互动的方式。使用你作为国际学生的身份是一个有趣的申请方式,并从国家、文化和勇气的影响开始。

1. Country: You are from somewhere the school is not. This means you have been exposed to a different government and history and have a unique perspective on international relations. Use these global experiences to distinguish yourself as an academic asset.To describe my interest in community service, I wrote about a central Alberta youth project where we worked with young immigrant families and provided child care while the parents learned English. This showed the effects of those cultural attitudes of inclusion and service, but also how I was able to exhibit an international interest while still at home.Not only did this demonstrate that I was a functional and eager team player, but it also revealed that I could see where I stood in terms of others and their experiences, as well as identify and respond to community needs.Besides that, I proved that I could make the connection between my home and my hopeful future and what impact I could make at Andrews University.Presenting an issue of global import and discussing your nation's response allows you to state and defend your opinion and talk about what you would like to do about it if you had the education to back up your beliefs.

1.祖国:这意味着你接触了不同的政府和历史,对国际关系有独特的看法。利用这些全球经验将你自己作为学术资产加以区分。为了描述我对社区服务的兴趣,我写了一个关于阿尔伯塔省的青年项目,在那里我们和年轻的移民家庭一起工作,并且在父母学习英语的时候提供照顾孩子的服务。这显示了这些文化态度对包容和服务的影响,同时也说明了我在国内仍然能够表现出国际利益。这不仅证明了我是一个有能力和热情的团队成员,而且还表明我可以看到我在其他人和他们的经历中所处的位置,以及识别和回应社区的需要。除此之外,我证明了我可以在我的家庭和我充满希望的未来之间建立联系,以及我能在安德鲁斯大学取得怎样的影响。提出一个全球进口的问题,并讨论你的国家的反应,让你能够陈述和捍卫你的观点,并讨论如果你接受教育来支持你的信仰,你会做些什么。

2. Culture: The way you approach, interact and relate to others is fundamentally grounded in your cultural background. For instance, some cultures are more collectivist while others are individualistic.These aspects of intercultural relations are good to emphasize as you introduce yourself in essays. Referring to your own background and comparing it with what you expect to find in the U.S. will demonstrate two things: You already know how to do research, and you are smart enough to put the pieces together.In my admissions essay, I wrote that the purpose of my educational pursuit was to leave a better world for future generations. I showed that my goals were aligned with the recent emphasis on ethical, self-sustaining production of goods and services that the U.S. has embraced.

2.文化:在你的文化背景下,你的方式、互动和与他人的关系都是根植于这些内容的,有些文化更注重集体主义,而另一些文化则是个人主义。当你在文章中自我介绍时,跨文化关系的这些方面是很好的。参考你自己的背景,并将其与你在美国的期望进行比较,你会发现两件事:你已经知道如何做研究,而且你足够聪明把这些碎片拼在一起。在我的入学论文中,我写道,我的教育追求的目的是为后代留下一个更美好的世界。我表明我的目标与美国最近强调的道德、自我维持的商品和服务的生产是一致的。

3. Courage: Talking about a risk you have taken or a problem you have solved is a fairly common essay prompt, and as a student contemplating leaving home and loved ones for a foreign land, you have more than enough angles to cover.In applying for a scholarship on campus, I wrote about the international financing dilemma. The Canadian dollar is close but not equal to the U.S. dollar, and I discussed how student loans from one country did not take into account the currency exchange resulting in less than had been promised. It was an interesting twist that drew attention to the financial plight of international students coming to the States.You might discuss your choice to study abroad, your appreciation for the challenges of living somewhere new or your doubts about leaving and how you plan to combat them. Being an international student in the U.S. takes courage of the highest caliber.Learning how to present your past as an advantage will open up possibilities in the U.S. and elsewhere. Celebrate your background even as you begin this new journey. Of all the parts that make up your whole, it is a truly important one.

3.勇气:谈论你所冒的风险,或者你已经解决的问题是一个相当常见的文章提示,作为一个考虑离开家和爱人去外国的学生,你有很多的内容可以去写。在申请校园奖学金时,我写了关于国际融资困境的文章。加拿大元接近但不等于美元,我讨论了来自一个国家的学生贷款没有考虑到货币兑换所导致的少于承诺。这是一个有趣的转折,引起了对国际学生来到美国的财政困境的关注。你可能会讨论出国留学的选择,你对新生活的挑战的感激,或者你对离开的怀疑,以及你打算如何与他们作战。作为美国的一名国际学生,需要有最高水平的勇气。学习如何将你的过去展现为一个优势,将会在美国和其他地方打开可能性。全面的展示出你的背景,即使你开始了新的旅程。在构成你整体的所有部分中,它是一个非常重要的部分。


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